The Internet of Things (IoT) is taking shape. Typically, IoT is expected to offer advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services that goes beyond machine-to-machine communications (M2M) and covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications.The interconnection of these embedded devices (including smart objects), is expected to usher in automation in nearly all fields. It is estimated there will be nearly 26 billion devices on the Internet of Things by 2020. The ability to network embedded devices with limited CPU, memory and power resources means that IoT finds applications in nearly every field. Here are the major applications of the Internet of Things.
Environmental monitoring applications of the IoT typically utilize sensors to assist in environmental protection by monitoring air or water quality, atmospheric or soil conditions,and can even include areas like monitoring the movements of wildlife and their habitats.
Building and Home Automation
IoT devices can be used to monitor and control the mechanical, electrical and electronic systems used in various types of buildings (e.g., public and private, industrial, institutions, or residential.Home automation systems, like other building automation systems, are typically used to control lighting, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, appliances, communication systems, entertainment and home security devices to improve convenience, comfort, energy efficiency, and security.
Integration of sensing and actuation systems, connected to the Internet, is likely to optimize energy consumption as a whole.It is expected that IoT devices will be integrated into all forms of energy consuming devices and be able to communicate with the utility supply company in order to effectively balance power generation and supply.Such devices would also offer the opportunity for users to remotely control their devices, or centrally manage them via a cloud based interface, and enable advanced functions like scheduling.
Medical and Healthcare Systems
IoT devices can be used to enable remote health monitoring and emergency notification systems. These health monitoring devices can range from blood pressure and heart rate monitors to advanced devices capable of monitoring specialized implants, such as pacemakers or advanced hearing aids.Specialized sensors can also be equipped within living spaces to monitor the health and general well-being of senior citizens, while also ensuring that proper treatment is being administered and assisting people regain lost mobility via therapy as well.Other consumer devices to encourage healthy living, such as, connected scales or wearable heart monitors, are also a possibility with the IoT.